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COLUMN ONE HUNDRED, DECEMBER 1, 2003
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BUSH'S NAZI ANCESTORS
Subject: (no subject)
Date: Sun, 9 Nov 2003 02:51:24 EST
Bush - Nazi Link Confirmed
from The New Hampshire Gazette Vol. 248, No. 1, October 10, 2003
By John Buchanan
Exclusive to The New Hampshire
WASHINGTON - After 60 years of
inattention and even denial by the U.S. media, newly-uncovered government
documents in The National Archives and Library of Congress reveal that Prescott
Bush, the grandfather of President George W. Bush, served as a business partner
of and U.S. banking operative for the financial architect of the Nazi war
machine from 1926 until 1942, when Congress took aggressive action against Bush
and his "enemy national" partners.
The documents also show that Bush
and his colleagues, according to reports from the U.S. Department of the
Treasury and FBI, tried to conceal their financial alliance with German
industrialist Fritz Thyssen, a steel and coal baron who, beginning in the
mid-1920s, personally funded Adolf Hitler's rise to power by the subversion of
democratic principle and German law.
Furthermore, the declassified
records demonstrate that Bush and his associates, who included E. Roland
Harriman, younger brother of American icon W. Averell Harriman, and George
Herbert Walker, President Bush's maternal great-grandfather, continued their
dealings with the German industrial baron for nearly eight months after the U.S.
entered the war.
For six decades these historical
facts have gone unreported by the mainstream U.S. media. The essential facts
have appeared on the Internet and in relatively obscure books, but were
dismissed by the media and Bush family as undocumented diatribes. This story has
also escaped the attention of "official" Bush biographers,
Presidential historians and publishers of U.S. history books covering World War
II and its aftermath.
The White House did not respond
to phone calls seeking comment.
The unraveling of the web of
Bush-Harriman-Thyssen U.S. enterprises, all of which operated out of the same
suite of offices at 39 Broadway under the supervision of Prescott Bush, began
with a story that ran in the New York Herald-Tribune on July 30, 1942. By then,
the U.S. had been at war with Germany for nearly eight months.
"Hitler's Angel Has $3
Million in U.S. Bank," declared the headline. The lead paragraph
characterized Fritz Thyssen as "Adolf Hitler's original patron a decade
ago." In fact, the steel and coal magnate had aggressively supported and
funded Hitler since October 1923, according to Thyssen's autobiography, I Paid
Hitler. In that book, Thyssen also acknowledges his direct personal
relationships with Adolf Hitler, Joseph Goebbels and Rudolf Hess.
The Herald-Tribune also cited
unnamed sources who suggested Thyssen's U.S. "nest egg" in fact
belonged to "Nazi bigwigs" including Goebbels, Hermann Goering,
Heinrich Himmler, or even Hitler himself.
The "bank," founded in
1924 by W. Averell Harriman on behalf of Thyssen and his Bank voor Handel en
Scheepvaart N.V. of Holland, was Union Banking Corporation (UBC) of New York
City. According to government documents, it was in reality a clearing house for
a number of Thyssen-controlled enterprises and assets, including as many as a
dozen individual businesses. UBC also bought and shipped overseas gold, steel,
coal, and U.S. Treasury and war bonds. The company's activities were
administered for Thyssen by a Netherlands-born, naturalized U.S. citizen named
Cornelis Lievense, who served as president of UBC. Roland Harriman was chairman
and Prescott Bush a managing director.
The Herald-Tribune article did not identify Bush or Harriman as executives of UBC, or Brown Brothers Harriman, in which they were partners, as UBC's private banker.
A confidential FBI memo from that
period suggested, without naming the Bush and Harriman families, that
politically prominent individuals were about to come under official U.S.
government scrutiny as Hitler's plunder of Europe continued unabated.
After the "Hitler's
Angel" article was published Bush and Harriman made no attempts to divest
themselves of the controversial Thyssen financial alliance, nor did they
challenge the newspaper report that UBC was, in fact, a de facto Nazi front
organization in the U.S.
Instead, the government documents
show, Bush and his partners increased their subterfuge to try to conceal the
true nature and ownership of their various businesses, particularly after the
U.S. entered the war. The documents also disclose that Cornelis Lievense,
Thyssen's personal appointee to oversee U.S. matters for his Rotterdam-based
Bank voor Handel en Scheepvaart N.V., via UBC for nearly two decades, repeatedly
denied to U.S. government investigators any knowledge of the ownership of the
Netherlands bank or the role of Thyssen in it.
UBC's original group of business
associates included George Herbert Walker, who had a relationship with the
Harriman family that began in 1919. In 1922, Walker and W. Averell Harriman
traveled to Berlin to set up the German branch of their banking and investment
operations, which were largely based on critical war resources such as steel and
German industrial alliance also included partnership with another German titan
who supported Hitler's rise, Friedrich Flick, who partnered with Thyssen in the
German Steel Trust that forged the Nazi war machine. For his role in using slave
labor and his own steel, coal and arms resources to build Hitler's war effort,
Flick was convicted at the Nuremberg trials and sentenced to seven years in
In 1926, after Prescott Bush had
married Walker's daughter, Dorothy, Walker brought Bush in as a vice president
of the private banking and investment firm of W.A. Harriman & Co., also
located in New York. Bush became a partner in the firm that later became Brown
Brothers Harriman and the largest private investment bank in the world.
Eventually, Bush became a director of and stockholder in UBC.
However, the government documents
note that Bush, Harriman, Lievense and the other UBC stockholders were in fact
"nominees," or phantom shareholders, for Thyssen and his Holland bank,
meaning that they acted at the direct behest of their German client.
On October 20, 1942, under
authority of the Trading with the Enemy Act, the U.S. Congress seized UBC and
liquidated its assets after the war. The seizure is confirmed by Vesting Order
No. 248 in the U.S. Office of the Alien Property Custodian and signed by U.S.
Alien Property Custodian Leo T. Crowley.
In August, under the same
authority, Congress had seized the first of the Bush-Harriman-managed Thyssen
entities, Hamburg-American Line, under Vesting Order No. 126, also signed by
Crowley. Eight days after the seizure of UBC, Congress invoked the Trading with
the Enemy Act again to take control of two more Bush-Harriman-Thyssen businesses
- Holland-American Trading Corp. (Vesting Order No. 261) and Seamless Steel
Equipment Corp (Vesting Order No. 259). In November, Congress seized the Nazi
interests in Silesian-American Corporation, which allegedly profited from slave
labor at Auschwitz via a partnership with I.G. Farben, Hitler's third major
industrial patron and partner in the infrastructure of the Third Reich.
The documents from the Archives
also show that the Bushes and Harrimans shipped valuable U.S. assets, including
gold, coal, steel and U.S. Treasury and war bonds, to their foreign clients
overseas as Hitler geared up for his 1939 invasion of Poland, the event that
sparked World War II.
Following the Congressional
seizures of UBC and the other four Bush-Harriman-Thyssen enterprises, The New
York Times reported on December 16, 1944, in a brief story on page 25, that UBC
had "received authority to change its principal place of business to 120
Broadway." The Times story did not report that UBC had been seized by the
U.S. government or that the new address was the U.S. Office of the Alien
Property Custodian. The story also neglected to mention that the other UBC-related
businesses had also been seized by Congress.
Since then, the information has
not appeared in any U.S. news coverage of any Bush political campaign, nor has
it been included in any of the major Bush family biographies. It was, however,
covered extensively in George H.W. Bush: The Unauthorized Biography, by Webster
Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin. Chaitkin's father served as an attorney in the 1940s
for some of the victims of the Bush-Harriman-Thyssen businesses.
The book gave a detailed,
accurate accounting of the Bush family's long Nazi affiliation, but no
mainstream U.S. media entity reported on or even investigated the allegations,
despite careful documentation by the authors. Major booksellers declined to
distribute the book, which was dismissed by Bush supporters as biased and
untrue. Its authors struggled even to be reviewed in reputable newspapers. That
the book was published by a Lyndon LaRouche's organization undoubtedly made it
easier to dismiss, but does not change the facts.
The essence of the story been
posted for years on various Internet sites, including BuzzFlash.com and
TakeBackTheMedia.com, but no online media seem to have independently confirmed
Likewise, the mainstream media have apparently made no attempt since World War II to either verify or disprove the allegations of Nazi collaboration against the Bush family. Instead, they have attempted to dismiss or discredit such Internet sites or "unauthorized" books without any journalistic inquiry or research into their veracity.
The National Review ran an essay
on September 1 by their White House correspondent Byron York, entitled
"Annals of Bush-Hating." It begins mockingly: "Are you aware of
the murderous history of George W. Bush - indeed, of the entire Bush family? Are
you aware of the president's Nazi sympathies? His crimes against humanity? And
do you know, by the way, that George W. Bush is a certifiable moron?" York
goes on to discredit the "Bush is a moron" IQ hoax, but fails to
disprove the Nazi connection.
The more liberal Boston Globe ran
a column September 29 by Reason magazine's Cathy Young in which she referred to
"Bush-o-phobes on the Internet" who "repeat preposterous claims
about the Bush family's alleged Nazi connections."
Newsweek Polska, the magazine's
Polish edition, published a short piece on the "Bush Nazi past" in its
March 5, 2003 edition. The item reported that "the Bush family reaped
rewards from the forced-labor prisoners in the Auschwitz concentration
camp," according to a copyrighted English-language translation from Scoop
Media (www.scoop.co.nz). The story also reported the seizure of the various
Major U.S. media outlets,
including ABC News, NBC News, The New York Times, Washington Post, Washington
Times, Los Angeles Times and Miami Herald, have repeatedly declined to
investigate the story when information regarding discovery of the documents was
presented to them beginning Friday, August 29. Newsweek U.S. correspondent
Michael Isikoff, famous for his reporting of big scoops during the
Clinton-Lewinsky sexual affair of the 1990s, declined twice to accept an
exclusive story based on the documents from the archives.
After the seizures of the various
businesses they oversaw with Cornelis Lievense and his German partners, the U.S.
government quietly settled with Bush, Harriman and others after the war. Bush
and Harriman each received $1.5 million in cash as compensation for their seized
In 1952, Prescott Bush was elected to the U.S. Senate, with no press accounts about his well-concealed Nazi past. There is no record of any U.S. press coverage of the Bush-Nazi connection during any political campaigns conducted by George Herbert Walker Bush, Jeb Bush, or George W. Bush, with the exception of a brief mention in an unrelated story in the Sarasota Herald Tribune in November 2000 and a brief but inaccurate account in The Boston Globe in 2001.
[John Buchanan is a journalist and investigative reporter with 33 years of experience in New York, Los Angeles, Washington and Miami. His work has appeared in more than 50 newspapers, magazines and books. He can be reached by e-mail at: firstname.lastname@example.org .] ##
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